Supporting Phonics at Home


These resources will help you support your child with saying their sounds and writing their letters. There are also some useful videos so you can see how they are taught at school and feel confident about supporting their reading at home. 


Although your child will be taught to read at school, you can have a huge impact on their reading journey by continuing their practice at home. 


There are two types of reading book that your child may bring home: 


  • A reading practice book: This will be at the correct phonic stage for your child. They should be able to read this fluently and independently.
  • A sharing book: Your child will not be able to read this on their own. This book is for you both to read and enjoy together. 


Reading practice book 


This book has been carefully matched to your child’s current reading level. If your child is reading it with little help, please don’t worry that it’s too easy – your child needs to develop fluency and confidence in reading. Listen to them read the book. Remember to give them lots of praise – celebrate their success! If they can’t read a word, read it to them. After they have finished, talk about the book together. 


Sharing book 


In order to encourage your child to become a lifelong reader, it is important that they learn to read for pleasure. The sharing book is a book they have chosen for you to enjoy together. Please remember that you shouldn’t expect your child to read this alone. Read it to or with them. Discuss the pictures, enjoy the story, predict what might happen next, use different voices for the characters, explore the facts in a non-fiction book. The main thing is that you have fun! 


Children must read their books a minimum of three times:

  • Decoding: the first stage of reading is learning to 'sound out' words which don't look familiar. Symbols (letters) represent sounds and we must decode each word by thinking about the sound/s each letters make e.g. g in goose vs g in gel. We must then sound out the word before blending it, thinking carefully about how groups of letters can work together (e.g. the digraph 'sh' in fish.)
  • Fluency: fluency is described as the ability to read with speed, accuracy and proper expression. In order to understand what they read, children must be able to read fluently whether they are reading aloud or silently. As readers become more confident, they will recognise words more effortlessly.
  • Comprehension: because fluent words do not have to concentrate on decoding the words, they can focus their attention on what the text means. They can make connections among the ideas i the text and their background knowledge.